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Dadar Dental Clinic, Mumbai

[+91-22]

2410 1099

[+91-22]

2418 5715

Kemps Corner Dental Clinic, Mumbai

[+91-22]

2385 9007

[+91-22]

2385 9008

Chembur Dental Clinic, Mumbai

[+91-22]

2528 5534

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Pit & Fissure Sealants
The top surfaces of your teeth - where the chewing takes place - aren't smooth and flat. They are cris-crossed with tiny hills and valleys - called pits and fissures. These are places where plaque can build up safe from your toothbrush and dental floss. Some of the pits and fissures are so narrow that even a single bristle from your toothbrush can't get deep enough to clean them out. One method of preventing cavities from developing in the pits and fissures is to seal them off with a special varnish called a pit and fissure sealant. If your dentist determines that you need a pit and fissure sealant to help protect your teeth from decay, some special steps are taken to prepare the teeth first. Your dentist will clean the tooth first, then apply a mild acid solution to 'etch' the surface and make it easier for the pit and fissure sealant to stick.

The whole procedure is quick and painless. Keeping the area dry and away from your saliva during the application is very important. If the tooth gets wet, the sealant might not stick properly. Once everything is ready, your dentist 'paints' the sealant right over the pits and fissures on the tooth surface. A special kind of light cures the sealant and makes it ready for use.

What are fissure sealants?
Fissure sealants are plastic coatings that help to prevent tooth decay when applied to the chewing surfaces of newly erupted teeth.
- The chewing surfaces of the molar and pre-molar permanent teeth are pitted and grooved with lines and fissures, which are difficult to clean. Decay-causing bacteria thrive in these areas.
- When a fissure sealant is placed into these grooves and fissures, it shields them from plaque and food particles. This reduces the risk of decay.
- The sealant is applied to a dry tooth and is then chemically bonded to it. - Sealants are tooth-coloured and are quite unobtrusive.
- They can last for many years.
When should a tooth be sealed?
A tooth should be sealed soon after it has erupted.
- A newly erupted tooth is not yet fully calcified (hardened) and is susceptible to decay.
- The sooner it can be protected by a fissure sealant, the better.
- These sealants will be checked by your dentist every six months, as part of the professional oral care program.
- Sealants can be repaired or replaced if necessary.
Which teeth should be sealed?
The permanent molars are usually the teeth to be sealed. Where pre-molar teeth are deeply grooved or pitted, they should also be treated. As much as 90% of all dental caries in schoolchildren occurs in pits and fissures. The teeth at highest risk by far are the permanent first and second molars. Baby teeth are not usually treated in this way. However, if the baby teeth are very decayed, it is a sign that the child is susceptible to tooth decay. The permanent teeth should then be sealed as soon as possible after they erupt.